Brandt's information provides the cold-tolerance limits of these species, but equally valuable in understanding the temperate versus boreal distinction would be the warm-tolerance limits. For example, in North America, Picea mariana appears to be less warm-tolerant than Pinus banksiana , but both have the same cold tolerance.
Soils are somewhat poorly to excessively drained. They are the result of podzolization, which is a consequence of low temperatures and excess precipitation above that of evapotranspiration.
Ecological Systems of the Geobiosphere
Soils often contain a sandy ash-colored A horizon, with an accumulation of iron and aluminum with organic matter in the B horizon. Soils are generally of low fertility, as nutrients are also removed from the upper horizons. With the low temperatures, organic matter decomposes slowly, resulting in acidic soil conditions and low nitrogen and mineral levels Elliott-Fisk , Kuennecke It is absent from the Southern Hemisphere.
Omernik Ecoregions:. Plot Analysis Summary:. Confidence Level: Moderate. Confidence Level Comments:. Grank: GNR. B Formation 1. Concept Lineage:. Obsolete Names:.
Obsolete Parents:. Author of Description: D. Acknowledgements: Ken Baldwin, Chris Lea. Version Date: 17Oct References: Brady, N. The nature and properties of soils. Thirteenth edition. Brandt, J. The extent of the North American boreal zone. Environmental Review Brown, D. Reichenbacher, and S. A classification of North American biotic communities. Elliott-Fisk, D. The taiga and boreal forest. Pages in: M. Barbour and W.
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Billings, editors. North American terrestrial vegetation. Second edition. Cambridge University Press, New York. Faber-Langendoen, D. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, C. Josse, A. Weakley, D. Tart, G. Navarro, B. Hoagland, S. Ponomarenko, J. Saucier, G. Fults, and E. Classification and description of world formation types. Kolbek, J. Valachoviae, N.
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Ermakov, and Z. Comparison of forest syntaxa and types in northeast Asia. Pages in: J. Kolbek, M. Box, editors. Forest vegetation of northeast Asia. Geobotany Kluwer Academic Publications, London. Kuennecke, B. Temperate forest biomes. Natural History. Spring Verlag. Very good green boards, no dust jacket p.
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